Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park

The word Kalahari is derived from the Kgalagadi word for 'Place of Thirst' or 'The land that dried up'. In the Kalahari Transfrontier Park, a spectacular desert landscape with red dunes and scrublands with great wildlife, water is always a scarce resource. The South African area of the park is mainly located in the southern Kalahari Desert and bordered by the Auob River in the west and the Nossob River in the east.

The Nossob river is a 740 kilometer long river flowing from Namibia and Botswana into South Africa. Its origin is in two rivers, the Swart-Nossob and Wit-Nossob, in the Otjihavera mountain range, east of Windhoek in Namibia. The Swart-Nossob (Black Nossob) and Wit-Nossob (White Nossob) confluence south of Gobabis in east-Namibia. The Nossob then goes south and enters South Africa at Union's End. From there it forms the border between South Africa and Botswana for some 200 kilometers. Just north of Twee Rivieren the Auob river merges into the Nossob, flowing south. Some 60 kilometers south, near the village of Molopo, the Nossob confluences with the Molopo river. The Molopo river used to end in the Orange river, near Augrabies falls, but today is blocked by the sand dunes near Noenieput (south east of Koo Pan).
In the Kalahari, they saying goes that the Nossob river only flows about once a century; the last times it really did flow in the Kalahari was in 1989.
The word Nossob is derived from the Khoekhoe word "‡No ab". Modern speakers of the language are not certain whether "‡No" refers to 'Black' or 'Dry'. In the old language, N|u, the river is called ||o, meaning 'Dry'.

The second ephemeral river in the Kalahari Park is the Auob river. The Auob origins in Namibia, northeast of the city of Mariental. It enters South Africa at Mata Mata and confluences after some 120 kilometers with the Nossob rivier at Samevloeiing, just north of Twee Rivieren.
The Auob is said to flow about every eleven years; last time the water reached the Kalahari TP was in 2000. In early 2011 the water stopped about 30km short of the Mata Mata border.
The word Auob is derived from "Au !ab", meaning "Bitter River". That also relates to the quality of the water in the river: it's of lesser quality than the water in the Nossob.

During World War I, the Union of South Africa was concerned about a possible German invasion out of Namibia (Namibia was a German colony then). In order to prevent this, troops were based at the border and in order to provide the soldiers with water, a series of waterholes were drilled along the Auob river.
After WWI, a Scotsman, Rodger 'Malkop' Jackson divided the region into farms of about 10-12 km2 in size. The farmers were granted to live rent-free as long as they maintained the boreholes. It explains the scottish-sounding names (Munro, Dalkeith, Craig Lockhardt) of some waterholes. However, conditions along both Auob and Nossob river were quite harsh and, next to the Tsamma melon, hunting was an important survival technique with dramatic impact on the game in the region. Only in the upper part of the Nossob river, where the Khoe people lived, the natural balance was maintained.

In 1931 the Kalahari Gemsbok NP was proclaimed and boreholes were abandoned. The first warden, Johannes le Riche, lived near Gemsbokplein in a small house abandoned by a borehole guard. Le Riche's brother and successor brought many old boreholes back to live in order to keep wildlife within the park boundaries and safe for poaching. During the WWII, the shortage of bullets for poachers had a great impact on the amount of animals in the park. After WWII the western side of the park became fenced. The eastern side remained open to support east-west migration of animals.

These pages offer an impression of the current Kgalagadi landscape, wildlife and landmarks.


Landscape
Kgalagadi TP > Auob Riverbed
Auob Riverbed
Auob (Au !ab) means 'Bitter River', indicating the poor water quality of the river
Kgalagadi TP > Nossob Riverbed
Nossob Riverbed
Nossob (‡No ab in Khoekhoe-language) means 'Black' or 'Dry'
Kgalagadi TP > Dunes
Dunes
Two gravel roads connect the Auob and Nossob riverbeds, crossing the famous red dunes
Kgalagadi TP > Bitterpan
Bitterpan
This scenic 4x4 track leads from Nossob via Bitterpan to Craig Lockhard
Kgalagadi TP > Gharagab
Gharagab
4x4 track from Union's End via Gharagab to Leijersdraai crosses the park's northern dunes
Kgalagadi TP > Mabuasehube
Mabuasehube
Mabuasehube, the Botswanean part of Kgalagadi TP is very basic and untouched

The waterholes in Kgalagadi TP
Along both the Auob and Nossob river a series of waterholes is maintained to attract wildlife to the region. Furthermore, a number of waterholes are maintained in the dunes between both rivers.
The names of the waterholes sometimes do have a historical background ("Jan se draai"), other names are just observations of the obvious ("Gemsbokplein"). The pages below show some of the waterholes and, if known, tell a bit of the history

Along the Auob River
from Samevloeiing towards Mata Mata
Houmoed | Monro | Kamfersboom | Auchterlonie | Gemsbokplein | Batulama | Montrose | Rooibrak | Kamqua | Urikaruus camp | Urikaruus |
Dertiende Boorgat | Veertiende Boorgat | Dalkeith | Craig Lockhart | Sitzas | Kalahari Tented Camp | Mata Mata |

Along the Nossob River
from Twee Rivieren towards Nossob and Union's End
Twee Rivieren | Samevloeiing | Leeudril | Rooiputs | Kij Kij | Melkvlei | Gunong | Kransbrak | Jan se draai | Kameelsleep | Dikbaardskolk | Cheleka |
Kaspersdraai | Marie se gat | Rooikop | Nossob | Cubitje Quap | Kwang | Bedinkt | Langklaas | Kousaunt | Polentswa | Lijersdraai | Kannaguass |
Grootkolk | Geinab | Union's End |

Between the Auob and Nossob river
Lower Dune Road
Tier kop | Kij Gamies | Kielie Krankie |
Upper Dune Road
Eland | Morevet | Vaalpan |
Bitterpan Dune Road
Klein stofpan | Nababies | Bitterpan | Strathmore | Nu Quap |
Gharagab Dune Road
Gharagab | Gharagab camp | Dankbaar |

Kgalagadi TP map

Kgalagadi Rest Camps and Wilderness Camps
The South-african part of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park has three main camps. At the southern tip of the Park, Twee Rivieren camp is the entrance point from South Africa and contains the park headquarters. From Twee Rivieren, some 120 km upstream of the Auob riverbed, directly at the Namibian border, lies Mata Mata rest camp; and about 160 km upstream of the Nossob river is Nossob rest camp.
Throughout the park there are also a few Wilderness Camps: small unfenced camps catering for the nature lover: Urikaruus and Kalahari Tent Camp are at the Auob river; Grootkolk is situated in the northern area of the park along the Nossob river and Kielie Krankie, Bitterpan and Gharagab Camp are located in the dunes between both rivers.
Not a camp, but definitely worth a visit is Auchterlonie Museum: a small exhibit showing a traditional farmhouse of the early 20th century settlers. It is beautifully located above Auchterlonie waterhole at the Auob river.

Kgalagadi TP > Twee Rivieren camp
Twee Rivieren camp
The park headquarters at the southern entrance
Kgalagadi TP > Mata Mata camp
Mata Mata camp
Border post with Namibia in the Auob river bed
Kgalagadi TP > Nossob camp
Nossob camp
The park's most popular camp, situated at the Nossob river bed
Kgalagadi TP > Kielie Krankie camp
Kielie Krankie camp
Kielie Krankie wilderness camp overlooks the southern Kalahari dune veld
Kgalagadi TP > Urikaruus camp
Urikaruus camp
A unique wilderness camp overlooking the Auob river bed
Kgalagadi TP > Kalahari Tent camp
Kalahari Tent camp
Built on a red sand dune overlooking a waterhole in the Auob river bed
Kgalagadi TP > Bitterpan camp
Bitterpan camp
A remote and quiet camp overlooking a waterhole and salt pan in the red duneveld
Kgalagadi TP > Grootkolk camp
Grootkolk camp
Remote wilderness camp in a salt pan in the north of the park
Kgalagadi TP > Gharagab camp
Gharagab camp
Wilderness camp with a magnificent view the Kalahari dunes and thornveld
Kgalagadi TP > Auchterlonie museum
Auchterlonie museum
Auchterlonie museum is an old farmhouse showing some of the park's rich history

Year by Year: a comparison of prominent landmarks over the years
During our visits to the Kgalagadi Park we took images of some landmarks in the park: trees, landscapes, weavernests. This section gives an overview of the (very slow) changing park

Along the Auob River
Auob River View from Houmoed Viewpoint north | south
Auob River View between Kamfersboom and Auchterlonie north | south
Auob River View from Auchterlonie Viewpoint Museum | north | south
Gemsbokplein Viewpoint
Auob River View between Kamqua and Urikaruus north | south
Sociable Weavernest between 13e and 14e Boorgat north | south
Just north of 14e Boorgat, Camel thorn
East of Dalkeith waterhole Landscape | Road
Leopard-tree near Dalkeith waterhole
Dead tree near Craig Lockhart waterhole
Dunes behind Craig Lockhart waterhole
Along the Nossob River
Sociable Weavernest between Samevloeiing and Leeudril
Caution sign between Leeudril and Rooiputs
Road between Kij Kij and Melkvlei 1 | 2 | 3
Camel thorn between melkvlei and Gunong closeup | From afar
Between Kransbran and Ja se Draai Road | Dead tree
Camel thorn near Cheleka waterhole Tree | panorama view
Nossob riverbed at the birdhide in Nossob Camp
Big tree near Cubitje Quap
Just north of Cubitje Quap Tree trunk | Cheetah tree
Tree between Cubitje Quap and Kwang
Along the Upper Dune Road
Upper Dune Road between Eland and Morevet
Upper Dune Road between Dikbaardskolk and Eland
Along the Lower Dune Road
Sociable Weavernest at the Lower Dune Road closeup | In the landscape
Kgalagadi TP sign on the R360
Camel Thorn with Weavernest on the R360 1 | 2 | 3 | 4