Woodland kingfisher
Very similar to mangrove kingfisher, but unlikely to be found in the same habitat. It differs in having a black lower mandible (not an all red bill) and a much paler head with a black stripe extending from the base of the bill, through and slightly behind the eye. Rarely has an all-red bill, but these birds can be distinguished by the predominantly blue, not grey, head.
Juvenile has a dusky, reddish-brown bill.
Non-aquatic; woodland and savanna with tall trees.
A loud, piercing 'trrp-trrrrrrrrrrrr', the latter part descending.


(en) Woolly-necked stork
(sc) Ciconia episcopus
(nl) Bisschopsooievaar
(af) Wolnekooievaar


Woolly-necked stork
The combination of the glossy black plumage, white woolly neck, and white belly and undertail are distinctive.
Juvenile and immature are like adult but the glossy black is replaced by brown and the black forehead extends further back on the crown.
Usually near fresh water: lagoons, ponds and rivers.
Seldom heard; a harsh croak.


(en) Yellow bishop
(sc) Euplectes capensis
(nl) Fluweelwidavink
(af) Kaapse flap


Yellow bishop (Yellorumped widow)
In comparison with Yellow-manteled Widowbird, breeding male has a much shorter tail, and a yellow rump and lower back (not a yellow mantle).
Non-breeding male is streaked greyish brown above, and is pale below. Breast and flanks are heavily streaked with brown, but retains a bright yellow rump and shoulder. Some show a white lower mandible. Female differs from female Yellow-manteled Widowbird in being more heavily streaked below and having a dull yellow rump. Juvenile resembles female.
Damp grassy areas, bracken-covered mountain valleys and fynbos.
A 'zeet, zeet, zeet' and a harsh 'zzzzzzzzt', given by male in flight.


(en) Yellow canary
(sc) Crithagra flaviventris
(nl) Geelbuiksijs
(af) Geelkanarie


Yellow canary
Males grade in colour from uniform bright yellow in the northwest to streaked, olive-backed birds in the southeast. The bill is always slighter than that of Brimstone Canary, and the head is less marked than that of Yellow-fronted Canary.
Female is drab grey-brown above and paler below, and streaked darker brown on both the upperparts and underparts. Juvenile resembles female but is more heavily streaked.
Karoo and coastal scrub, and scrubby mountain valleys.
A fast, jumbled series of 'chissick' and 'cheree' notes.


(en) Yellow-billed egret
(sc) Egretta intermedia
(nl) Middelste zilverreiger
(af) Geelbekwitreier


Yellow-billed egret
Differentiated from the larger Great Egret by its noticeably shorter neck, which is not held in such a pronounced S-shape, and by the shorter bill. The gape does not extend behind the eye but ends just below it. Although not easily seen, the yellowish upper legs are diagnostic. Differs from Cattle Egret by its larger size, longer bill and more slender appearance. When breeding, it has long plumes on the back and chest, a reddish bill and upper legs, and lime-green lores.
Juvenile and immature resemble adult.
Flooded veld and marshes and any damp, grassy areas, but infrequently near open water.
Typical heronlike 'waaaark'.


(en) Yellow-billed kite
(sc) Milvus parasitus
(nl) Geelbek wouw
(af) Geelbekwou


Yellow-billed kite
The same size and shape as Black Kite, with much the same jizz. it differs from Black Kite in adult plumage by its bright yellow bill, more deeply forked tail and paler grey head.
Juvenile has a black bill and buffy feather margins.
Diverse; commonly seen around human habitation.
Similar to that of Black Kite, a high-pitched, shrill whinnying.


(en) Yellow-billed oxpecker
(sc) Buphagus africanus
(nl) Geelsnavel-ossepikker
(af) Geelbekrenostervoël


Yellow-billed oxpecker
Paler than Red-billed Oxpecker and easily identified by its bright yellow bill with a red tip, as well as by the pale lower back and rump.
Juvenile has a brown (not black) bill and is paler than juvenile Red-billed Oxpecker. The pale back and rump contrast with the rest of upperparts.
Thornveld and broad-leaved woodland, often near water. Frequently found in association with buffalo, rhino and hippo. Usually flocks.
A short, hissing 'kriss, kriss'.


(en) Yellow-billed stork
(sc) Mycteria ibis
(nl) Afrikaanse nimmerzat
(af) Geelbekooievaar


Yellow-billed stork
The very long, slightly decurved, yellow bill is diagnostic. During the breeding season the naked facial skin is red and the wing coverts and back are tinged with pink. In flight it appears similar to White Stork but differs in having a black tail.
Juvenile is brownish above and washed with grey-brown below, becoming whiter with age. The facial skin, bill and legs are duller than those of adult.
Lakes, large rivers and estuaries.
Normally silent except during the breeding season, when it gives loud squeaks and hisses.

(en) Woodland kingfisher
(sc) Halcyon senegalensis
(nl) Senegalese ijsvogel
(af) Bosveldvisvanger